IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic condition with a tendency to relapse characterized by the presence of abdominal pain or changes in bowel habits (diarrhea or constipation), which can be accompanied by a feeling of abdominal distention without that no organic cause that justifies it is demonstrated.
General care for patients with irritable bowel syndrome
- Make a low-fat and high-protein diet.
- Eatslowly and try to chew the food thoroughly.
- Avoid heavy meals, they are preferred more frequent and less abundant meals.
- Increase water intake (1.5-2 liters), especially if constipation predominates.
- Avoid foods that you notice that trigger episodes of abdominal pain. Those who can most harm are spices, alcohol, packet soups, cocoa, milk products, cheese, yogurt, pastries, cakes, ice cream, butter, soft drinks …
- Increase your intake of foods rich in fiber. You can use supplements wheat bran, mixed with liquid or food.
- If needed, your doctor may prescribe laxatives increase intestinal bolus.
- If diarrhea predominates avoid dairy products, coffee, tea and chocolate. You can make almond milk.
- Avoid flatulent food and carbonated drinks: cabbage, cauliflower, chickpeas, lentils, Brussels sprouts, onions, leeks, peas, nuts …
- Perform 30 minutes of light exercise, such as walking or swimming.
- Try to keep a regular schedule of meals, and always try to evacuate at the same time, unhurried, preferably after breakfast.
- It can relieve abdominal pain with mild local heat.
- Avoid as far as possible situations that make you nervous.
- It can help you practice relaxation techniques for stress.