The evidence suggests that an active preparation for the surgery, called pre-qualification, serves to minimize complications and maximize recovery.
Our Health Our Life offers some suggestions for pre-enabled.
6 tips to prepare for a successful surgery
- Develop strength: Improve physical condition before surgery can reduce the time of hospital admission as well as decrease the risk of postoperative complications. In general, people who can walk a few blocks or climb several flights of stairs without problem faced fewer complications after surgery than those who are not able to perform these tasks.
- Stop smoking: Smoking is a risk factor for many surgical complications, including problems with incision infections, pneumonia and cardiovascular problems. Quitting smoking, even just a few days before surgery can help.
- Control blood glucose: In diabetic patients, the complications can be reduced when controlling your blood glucose. Surgery and anesthesia cause a hormonal stress response that increases blood glucose. People without diabetes can compensate by producing more insulin, but the body of diabetics usually can not compensate and the increase results in hyperglycemia. In addition, diabetes increases the risk of postoperative delayed healing, infection and heart and kidney problems. These problems can be minimized when the blood glucose is well controlled preoperatively.
- Check the sleep apnea: Sleep apnea increases the risk of respiratory problems and blood oxygenation after the operation. Patients diagnosed with sleep apnea should inform the surgical team continued treatment they receive. Patients who snore loudly, suffer constant nasal congestion at night or have other symptoms of sleep apnea should consider undergoing an evaluation before surgery. The surgical team may use a different means of anesthesia with patients suffering from sleep apnea.
- Improve Supply: It is desirable before surgery is to have a healthy weight, rather than being fat or morbidly obese. Being underweight, especially if weight loss was sudden, deprives the body of energy reserves and nutrients needed during surgery and recovery. After any surgery, obesity increases the risk of developing blood clots in the legs that may travel to the lungs and cause a life-threatening situation.
In general, it is helpful to eat more protein such as lean meats, low-fat dairy products, fish, nuts and legumes, as well as decrease the amount of fat, sugar and salt consumed.
- Managing stress: The means for controlling stress can help with anxiety for the surgery and recovery. Techniques such as deep breathing and guided imagery may reduce the need for painkillers, lower blood pressure, promote immunity and even improve the quality of life.